Can You Get Dual Citizenship in India and Canada? Exploring the OCI Program

By Remitbee - Jan 29, 2024

The concept of dual citizenship, also known as dual nationality, has garnered significant attention in recent years as more people seek to enjoy the benefits of being citizens of multiple countries. Canada and India, both diverse and culturally rich nations, have often been destinations for immigrants worldwide. This article delves into the possibility of obtaining dual citizenship with Canada and India, focusing on India's Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) program.

Understanding Dual Citizenship

Dual citizenship refers to an individual's ability to simultaneously hold citizenship in two countries. While many countries permit their citizens to hold dual nationality, each nation's rules and regulations regarding dual citizenship can vary significantly. Canada allows dual citizenship but India doesn't. Instead it has a special class of Visa thats availible under certain conditions. It is essential to understand the specific regulations and procedures involved in obtaining citizenship in both countries.

Dual Citizenship in Canada

Canada, known for its welcoming immigration policies, allows its citizens to hold dual citizenship. If you are already a Canadian citizen and wish to acquire citizenship in another country, you can do so without losing your Canadian citizenship. However, it's crucial to note that acquiring citizenship in another country must not involve any actions or declarations that renounce your Canadian citizenship.

Canada's permissive stance on dual citizenship means Canadian citizens can apply for Indian citizenship without fear of losing their Canadian status. Nevertheless, obtaining Indian citizenship is subject to India's laws and regulations.

Will There Be Dual Citizenship in India?

India's approach to dual citizenship is slightly different from Canada's. The Indian government does not allow dual citizenship in the traditional sense, meaning you cannot be a citizen of two countries simultaneously. However, India recognizes the concept of overseas citizenship, a form of long-term visa for people of Indian origin living abroad.

The Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) Program

The Indian government introduced the OCI program to address the concerns of the Indian diaspora and facilitate their connection to their ancestral homeland. The OCI is not citizenship in the conventional sense, but it provides certain rights and privileges to people of Indian origin living abroad. Here's what you need to know about the OCI program:

1. Eligibility: To be eligible for OCI status, you must fall into one of the following categories:

  • Be a foreign national of Indian origin.
  • Be a spouse of a foreign national of Indian origin.
  • Be a minor child of a foreign national of Indian origin.
  • Be a minor child of an OCI cardholder.
  • Be a foreign national eligible for Indian citizenship on or after January 26, 1950.

  • Benefits: OCI status offers several benefits, including:

  • Multiple entry, multi-purpose lifelong visa to India.
  • Exemption from registering with local authorities for any length of stay in India.
  • Parity with non-resident Indians (NRIs) in terms of economic, financial, and educational fields.

  • Restrictions: OCI status does not grant you the right to vote, hold public office, or purchase agricultural land in India. It also does not make you a full Indian citizen.

  • Application Process: Applying for OCI status involves applying, along with the necessary documents and fees, to the Indian consulate or embassy in your country. The process typically includes background checks and verification of your Indian heritage.

  • Renewal: OCI cards are valid for a lifetime; however, they must be renewed upon attaining the age of 20 and 50 years. Reissuance is required each time you get a new passport.


While obtaining dual citizenship with Canada and India in the traditional sense is not possible, India's OCI program provides an avenue for people of Indian origin living in Canada to maintain strong ties with their ancestral homeland. Canada's liberal stance on dual citizenship allows its citizens to pursue Indian OCI status without losing Canadian citizenship. The OCI program offers numerous advantages, including visa-free access to India and economic and financial parity with non-resident Indians.

As immigration policies and regulations can change over time, it is essential to consult the official websites of both the Canadian and Indian governments for the most up-to-date information and guidance on obtaining dual status or OCI status. Ultimately, the OCI program serves as a bridge that connects the Indian diaspora in Canada to their cultural roots while allowing them to continue enjoying the privileges of Canadian citizenship.

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